Eels are elongated fish, ranging in length from 2-inch one-jawed eel to the 13 ft slender giant moray.
Eel Fun Facts:
- Even though eels look like snakes, they are really fish.
- Even though they are fish, most eels do not have scales. Their bodies are typically covered in a heavy slime coat.
- Eels rely on razor sharp teeth to catch and swallow prey whole.
- Most eels are nocturnal, meaning they are most active and hunting at night.
- With so many different types of eels, they have adapted to many different ecosystems including both freshwater and saltwater bodies of water.
- Various eels have some pretty fascinating skills – some can produce their own electricity to stun their prey,
- Moray eels have two sets of jaws; one set is in their throat that reaches out and pulls their food down their throat and into their stomach.
Spotted Garden Eels
The Spotted Garden Eel lives in a single sandy burrow, which it rarely leaves. The burrow wall is coated by a slime secreted from their skin.
They feed on plankton and krill and are found in the Pacific Ocean and the Red Sea in colonies that border coral reefs.
The Snowflake Moray's head is often the only part of its body that is visible as it hides in the reef.
They feed on crustaceans and can be found between corals and rocks of shallow reefs in the western Indo-Pacific region
Green Moray Eel
The green moray is actually brown! The yellow tint of the mucus that covers its body, in combination with the drab background color, gives the fish its namesake green color
They have poor vision and rely on their acute sense of smell to catch prey. Eating normally at night when more fish are active, green morays don't actively chase prey but instead wait for unsuspecting prey to swim past their hide-out where they will grab it with their strong jaws and backward-facing teeth.
Found in the Western Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico, the Blackedge Eel is known to inhabit sea grass beds in addition to reef structures.
They feed on medium sized fish and crabs.